A Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is a congenital cardiac disease, causing communication between the left and right ventricle.
These can occur in numerous locations and the changes to be expected depends on the exact location.
The development of left-sided (most common in veterinary medicine) or right-sided congestive heart failure is possible.
Based on the precise findings, we will discuss appropriate management options.
Some cases require monitoring, others medical management, and some surgical intervention